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International Journal of Evaluation and Research in Education (IJERE)



The International Journal of Evaluation and Research in Education (IJERE), p-ISSN: 2252-8822, e-ISSN: 2620-5440 is an interdisciplinary publication of original research and writing on education which publishes papers to international audiences of educational researchers. This journal aims to provide a forum for scholarly understanding of the field of education and plays an important role in promoting the process that accumulated knowledge, values, and skills are transmitted from one generation to another; and to make methods and contents of evaluation and research in education available to teachers, administrators and research workers. The journal encompasses a variety of topics, including child development, curriculum, reading comprehension, philosophies of education and educational approaches, etc. The IJERE has been indexed by SCOPUS and ERIC Institute of Education Sciences (IES) of the U.S. Department of Education. 

Sonali Pathak, Pallavi Saxena,

International Journal of Evaluation and Research in Education (IJERE), Vol 1, No 1: July 2012 , pp. 25-32

Software project development in academia has the core objective to provide the student with an effective space to work in a team, interact with users, develop prototype, develop documentation, and improve presentation skills. An academic survey was done and it was found that the major challenge being faced by the institutes is the slack in controlling and tracking the project development activities. This results in poor quality software product which is in no way comparable with the industrial projects. Also, the ineffective use of tools and technologies are of great concern. The lack of proper and effective communication among the team members as well as with their project supervisor is also a major problem. Factors like, lack of enthusiasm, commitment, and financial support invite unwarranted risks. Such unstructured and uncontrolled way of working often leads to unsuccessful projects. All these factors show that academia is lacking more on the managerial issues rather than technological issues.DOI:

Obi M. C., Oye N. D., Mohd T. N., Bernice A.,

International Journal of Evaluation and Research in Education (IJERE), Vol 1, No 1: July 2012 , pp. 1-16

Information and communication technologies (ICT) will need to be fully integrated into the delivery of careers services as the world is now in the global era. Such integration would not only have the potential to achieve more but would also increase the flexibility of services and enhance their quality. Career choice is an  important  decision  a  person  needs  to  make  in  his  life  time.  Unfortunately, many young people find it uneasy to make appropriate career choice. The  paper  focused  on  the  usage  of  career  counseling  services  in  selected public secondary schools in Nigeria. It sought to find out how students and teachers utilize  career  counseling  services,  students’  expectations  in  career  counseling services  and  how  school  principals  support  career  counseling  services.  Simple random  sampling  was  used  to  select  380  from 34  public  secondary  schools  from  the  sample  population.  Four-point Likert scale questionnaires were used to obtain data for the study. The findings revealed that the students use career counseling services to take career decision and aspiration, gather career information and select and take subjects that match their career interest. Secondary school teachers use career counseling services to guide students to make appropriate subject choice that match their career interest and help them with their career challenges and plans. This paper recommends that career counselors should integrate use of ICT, through the use of chat rooms, email and social networking. In other words several choice of career could be show to the students on DVD and CD Video. They should also be exposed to TV and radio Chat on Career choice.DOI:

Nigel McKelvey, Kevin Curran,

International Journal of Evaluation and Research in Education (IJERE), Vol 1, No 1: July 2012 , pp. 33-40

With the emergence and evolution of computer hardware, software and networks - virtual classrooms now exist which enable teachers and students to experience learning activities and to work together at a distance either directly or on a part-time basis. We are increasingly confronted with a need for ‘lifelong training’ and it is becoming increasingly difficult for us to attend physical classrooms on a full-time basis. Research to date has highlighted an area of interest with regard to teaching computer programming in an online environment. We investigate here the use of a Cognitive Apprenticeship-Based Learning Environment (CABLE) in the teaching of Java programming in an attempt to validate its effectiveness. This paper outlines the result of using a pedagogical model which employed a combination of instructional strategies including directive support, responsive cognitive apprenticeship, collaborative learning, stimulating metacognition (organising, motivating (through a “spark”, modifying one’s own skills), and using various technologies via the use of online discussion through Blackboard.DOI:

Jungpil SHIN, Yusuke Shimizu,

International Journal of Evaluation and Research in Education (IJERE), Vol 1, No 1: July 2012 , pp. 17-24

This paper presents a novel friendly Kanji learning system using Radical Analysis to enable foreign people and elementary school students to learn Kanji by an interesting and efficient way. This way is for characters to analyze for each radical, to divide into some parts, and to correct strokes for each divided part. Here, the Radical Analysis Database (RAD) is used for dividing characters. RAD is a database to analyze characters for each radical and divide into some parts. On the other hand, characters are corrected by using a threshold. The threshold is a judgment value in the correction and learners can set it freely by handling threshold bars put on the interface. Then, the novel system is improved so that learners can set thresholds for each divided part. Since each bar corresponds to each part, the system judges whether each part is corrected or not according to set thresholds. Hence, since learners can freely determine radicals or parts in which they want to be instructed intensively, they can practice only their radicals not good or part of the character and easily master difficult characters, too. In addition, an animation helps learners understand the order of strokes virtually. Since each stroke used in this animation is displayed with different colors, learners can also understand virtually where the same strokes are from and to at once.DOI:

Deepak P. Kayastha, Rabindra Kayastha,

International Journal of Evaluation and Research in Education (IJERE), Vol 1, No 1: July 2012 , pp. 41-44

This article investigates the job satisfaction among teachers with particular reference to corporate, Higher Secondary level School in Nepal. The job satisfactions that have been examined under this study include, work, pay, co-workers, supervision, promotion, job in general. The sample consists of a Government, Private and Public Higher Secondary level School teacher from Kathmandu and Latitpur District of Nepal. Data were collected using a questionnaire survey. The results show there is a significant relationship between job satisfaction facets.DOI:

Taimur Ul Hassan, Abdul Rahim Sajid,

International Journal of Evaluation and Research in Education (IJERE), Vol 1, No 2: December 2012 , pp. 51-60

The paper investigates the barriers to the integration of Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) at the secondary level learning in Pakistan, with focus on Punjab province. Exploring major barriers to the integration of ICTs at the school level, teacher level and student level and possible enablers to these barriers is the major focus of study. Sequential mixed method design is used. Interviews were analysed qualitatively whereas survey questionnaire were analysed quantitatively. It is observed from the findings that most of the participants are having positive perceptions about the integration of ICT into their teaching and learning. Administrators and ICT coordinators revealed many barriers and possible enablers to the integration of ICTs. Many of these barriers are verified by the teachers and students later on however there were some barriers which were not endorsed by the teachers and students.DOI:

Nnenna Clara Okoroafor,

International Journal of Evaluation and Research in Education (IJERE), Vol 1, No 2: December 2012 , pp. 73-78

This research explored child sexual abuse (CSA), knowledge and prevention media among parents of pupils and teachers of nursery schools and playgroup. This research was conducted in qualitative mythology, through in-depth interviews (IDIs), and focus group discussions (FGD). In-depth interview held for 10 nursery school teachers and playgroup teachers. For children aged 0-5 years, FGD was conducted towards 10 parents of nursery School and 12 parents of playgroup. The study explored the following: parents’ and teachers’ knowledge on child sexual abuse prevention. The child sexual abuse prevention messages were provided to the children and topics they discussed and their attitudes towards child sexual abuse prevention education in school. The proposed primary prevention media strategies for parents were speech and posters as well as for nursery and playgroup teachers who understood the CSA impact. Research concluded that parents didn’t understand CSA concepts; media proposed for primary prevention are through dialogue and poster. Nursery, playgroup teachers and parents understood with poster media. Parents and teachers were encouraged to focus on the early prevention by building child sexual abuse knowledgeable community. DOI:

Urvashi Rahul Saxena,

International Journal of Evaluation and Research in Education (IJERE), Vol 1, No 2: December 2012 , pp. 61-66

This paper presents a simulation of Neuro-Fuzzy application for analyzing students’ performance based on their CPA and GPA. This analysis is an attempt for extension of Analysis on Student’s Performance Using Fuzzy Systems. This paper focuses to support the development of Intelligent Planning System (INPLANS) using Fuzzy Systems, Neural Networks, and Genetic Algorithms which will be used by the Academic Advisory Domain in educational institutions by evaluating and predicting students’ performance as well as comparing the results with the previous study. The Neuro-Fuzzy model is feed-forward architecture with five layers of neurons and four connections. System evaluation has been done for about 20- 26 cases of students’ results. The results depict that there has been a significant improvement in the performance of students’ as compared to the prediction of the same case using Fuzzy Systems.DOI:

William E. Mueller, Gholam H. Massiha,

International Journal of Evaluation and Research in Education (IJERE), Vol 1, No 2: December 2012 , pp. 45-50

It is difficult for students to grasp essential concepts of materials management because there is a considerable amount of new terminology as well as the need to develop a “feel” for what appears to be a static, but in actuality, a very dynamic process. In an attempt to overcome the language barrier as well as help the student develop a “feel” for the process, an old case study from the 70s has been revised and updated it for today’s student.  The method of presentation has also been changed from an out-of class activity to an in-class group activity. Initial results, based on 3 classes of 35-40 students each, have been positive with absenteeism reduced from a historical average of 10-15% down to 2%.  Student attitude appears to be better and test results appear to be better although comparisons in this area are more difficult to measure. A copy of the game is provided and maybe be freely used in your classroom.   Any suggestions for improvement would be greatly appreciated.DOI:

Minh-Quang Duong,

International Journal of Evaluation and Research in Education (IJERE), Vol 1, No 2: December 2012 , pp. 67-72

Problem-solving is important for students to become effective problem solvers in their profession, and for later career success. This study was conducted to explore how learning experiences affect problem-solving efficacy of Vietnamese college students within technical and scientific areas. The study used a questionnaire survey with 430 students’ technical and scientific areas from three member universities at Vietnam National University of Ho Chi Minh City. Results of this study indicated that students’ problem-solving efficacy was within the range of “average” to “high” response. There existed significant differences of problem-solving efficacy of students among the three universities. Various learning experiences of teaching approach, and learning engagement influenced as significant factors affecting students’ problem-solving efficacy.DOI:

Josie Jacqueline Arnold,

International Journal of Evaluation and Research in Education (IJERE), Vol 2, No 1: March 2013 , pp. 32-43

The methodology of this paper continues the work I have done writing the ‘subjective academic narrative’ for publication within refereed academic journals. Storytelling is a basic human activity and the academy since the mid 20th century has begun to see its value rather than use it as the non-academic side of the dichotomy between thought and reason and feeling and emotion that the Enlightenment left as its residue of academic thought and knowledge. I use this methodology to enter into the privileged academic discussion and to add to it regarding the  relationship of Indigenous knowledge to the academy that remains a challenge in Australian Universities in this postmodern and postcolonial moment. This paper recognises the need to open discussion about how Indigenous people might be facilitated within the academy to bring their knowledge-models into the university and its traditional dominant knowledge systems. This paper looks at Practice Led Research (PLR) as a possible pathway for supporting the transition of Indigenous community scholars into university postgraduate courses. It explores how PLR contributes to an appropriate entry point into postgraduate studies for some Indigenous students who have significant life experiences and narratives and/or productions of artefacts that act to replace the breadth of undergraduate credentials. This paper identifies and explicates a nexus between Practice Led Research and Recognition of Prior Learning (RPL) and Recognition of Current Competencies (RCC). In doing so, it provides a reference point for University protocols and practices regarding RPL and RCC.DOI: 

Mohd. Salleh Abu, Zaid Zainal Abidin,

International Journal of Evaluation and Research in Education (IJERE), Vol 2, No 1: March 2013 , pp. 16-22

An educational video called Video Pembelajaran Geometri (Geometry Learning Video = VPG) is developed in this study. The video is aimed to help year 9 students in improving their level of Van Hiele geometrical thinking. VPG is designed as an alternative aids to overcome the limitation of information and communication technology (ICT) usage in Parepare, South Celebes, Indonesia. Based on Van Hiele learning model, all topics in geometry for Indonesian Secondary School (Sekolah Menengah Pertama = SMP) are included in VPG in order to support the students who are going to continue their study further. The effectiveness of VPG was tested on 180 students categorized as 90 students from level 0 (L0), 60 students from level 1 (L1), and 30 students from level 2 (L2). Comparative Analyses on the results of adapted Van Hiele Geometry Test (VHGT) pre and post VPG usage indicated that there is a significant difference between the mean scores. It was also discovered that a significant improvement in geometric thinking level is occurred in the majority of the students.DOI: 

Ombra A Imam, Maripaz Abas Mastura, Hazri Jamil,

International Journal of Evaluation and Research in Education (IJERE), Vol 2, No 1: March 2013 , pp. 1-8

The deteriorating performance of Filipino students in the national and international mathematics tests for the last decade has become a major challenge to Philippine education.  The Department of Education attributed this problem to students’ poor reading comprehension. Previous studies showed varied findings on the association between variables in reading and mathematics. The present study utilized the six elements of reading comprehension skills to determine their relationship to students’ performance in mathematics. A total of 666 students belonging to the randomly selected first year classes from 18 public and private high schools were taken as sample. A correlation research design was used and a competency-based achievement tests in reading comprehension and mathematics were the research instruments. Students in private schools performed better in reading comprehension skills and mathematics than their counterparts. While reading comprehension skills were insignificantly correlated to private school students’ mathematics performance, the case is different in public schools wherein three skills namely understanding vocabulary in context, getting main idea, and making inference surfaced to have connection with mathematics. The overall students’ reading comprehension skills were not significantly correlated to mathematics performance. Hence, the poor mathematics performance could be explained by other factors not related to reading comprehension skills.DOI:

George Abraham, Balasubramanian V., RA. K. Saravanaguru,

International Journal of Evaluation and Research in Education (IJERE), Vol 2, No 1: March 2013 , pp. 23-31

This paper aims to provide a survey of the major research works done in the domain of learning style recognition in an e-learning environment and proposes a Semantic Agent Framework for the e-Learning environment to detect individual differences existing among individuals, using their learning styles. Automatic detection of learning styles of an individual in an e-learning environment is an important problem that have been researched upon by many, as it proves beneficial to the learners to be provided with materials based on their individual preferences. To achieve this dynamic adaptability, we propose to use a mix of data-driven approach and literature-based approach. Out of the 71 models of learning styles that are described by different researchers, we consider the Felder-Silverman Learning Style Model (FSLSM) for our analysis.DOI:

Triantoro Safaria,

International Journal of Evaluation and Research in Education (IJERE), Vol 2, No 1: March 2013 , pp. 9-15

Sense of  belonging is the extent to which  person feels attached, related and belong in organization system. If, a person feels accepted,   comfortable, congruence and get recognition from an organization, this condition will motivate the person to share positive contribution to their organization. The problem with Ahmad Dahlan University is a low student sense of belonging to their university.  This condition will cause negative effects for university in the future, with increasing several students’ negative behaviors such as apathy, unresponsiveness, until higher students drop out.  It is needed to evaluate and understand the student’s sense of belongings to their university, in order to take preventive action related to a low sense of belongings of students. The aim of this study is to create and develop a sense of belongingness measurement for Ahmad Dahlan University Belongingness Scale (ADUBS), that it will be used to evaluate how high the student sense of belonging to their university. The result of exploratory factor analysis (EFA) showed two dimensions the sense of belongingness constructs that represent the sense of belongings of student to their university namely University belongings and Community belongings. The next result from confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) using structural equation modeling (SEM) confirms that measurement model of ADUBs was fitted with empirical data (Chi-square = 39.054, with p > .001, degree of freedom = 36,  CMIN = 1.085,  RMSEA =. 022, NFI = .918, TLI = .989, GFI= .961, and CFI= .993.DOI:

Raed Latif Ugla, Nur Ilianis Adnan, Mohamad Jafre Zainol Abidin,

International Journal of Evaluation and Research in Education (IJERE), Vol 2, No 1: March 2013 , pp. 44-50

This study investigates the kinds of communication strategies (CSs) used by Iraqi EFL students.  The data analysed in this study were collected in Baghdad University.  The study was quantitative in nature where a questionnaire adopted from Dornyei and Scott’s taxonomy of CSs (1995).  This questionnaire was used to elicit the findings.  The subject consisted of fifty Iraqi EFL students.  The results obtained show different kinds of CSs used by Iraqi EFL students.  The pedagogical and recommendations were provided in this study.DOI:

Alcuin Ivor Mwalongo,

International Journal of Evaluation and Research in Education (IJERE), Vol 2, No 2: June 2013 , pp. 69-77

The study examined two aspects, namely the quality of peer feedback in asynchronous discussion forum when such peer feedback is used as a formative learning tool, i.e. not for assigning grades; and students’ perceptions about the process of peer feedback. Twenty four students enrolled in higher education were involved. They were assigned two tasks. In the first task, they contributed lessons learnt about the course on the learning management system, Moodle, via the asynchronous discussion forum. Thereafter they read the comments posted by their colleagues and critiqued them.In the final task that was given at the end of the course, students wrote reflections about peer feedback process. Thus all data collected were in the form of posts. Using NVivo, the posts generated in the first task were used to examine the quality of peer feedback, while the posts generated from students’ reflection about peer feedback were used to examine students’ perceptions about peer feedback. Results indicate that peer feedback is a useful tool for formative learning as well as assessment purposes. Future research could involve a larger sample, a diverse population, and a range of other courses.DOI:

Hotman Petrick Panjaitan,

International Journal of Evaluation and Research in Education (IJERE), Vol 2, No 2: June 2013 , pp. 51-59

Private universities should realize the appropriate quality requirements demanded by consumers. Where quality is the issue in a consistent and efficient way to deliver what is desired and expected by consumers. Consumer response is reflected in the prospective student's decision to choose private Universities that provide the best quality service in the academic field.The result of tested model from this research, was able to explained the relation between service quality on consumer responses through private University’s image in east java.With using proporsional random sampling, analysis structural equation model (SEM), and the help from Amos software, on 200 private University student samples, showed that service quality affects towards private University image’s. Private University image’s affects towards consumer response. Meanwhile service quality indirect effects towards consumer responses through private University image’s.DOI:

Bernedette U. Cornelius-Ukpepi, Obinna O. Enukoha,

International Journal of Evaluation and Research in Education (IJERE), Vol 2, No 2: June 2013 , pp. 85-92

This study examined the relationship between limitations to understanding scientific concepts and academic performance in Primary Science among primary six pupils in Cross River State, Nigeria. In order to achieve the set objectives of this study, two hypotheses were formulated and tested.  Two instruments were used for data collection. They were limitations to understanding scientific concepts questionnaire (LUSCQ) and a 50-item primary science achievement test.  These instruments were validated and administered to 1818 pupils out of  68,201 pupils in 70 schools in the study population. A proportionate stratified random sampling technique was adopted hence; the study area was stratified into three educational zones with different populations. The data obtained were analyzed using Pearson Product Moment Correlation Coefficient (r) statistical tests at 0.05 level of significance.  The major finding of this study was that there was a significant relationship between limitations to understanding scientific concepts and academic performance in primary science.  Based on the findings, it was concluded that if pupils study scientific concepts adequately and  grasping the knowledge of technical terms in science and have adequate experience of science concepts,  it will help them to perform well in primary science.DOI:

Quamrul H Mazumder,

International Journal of Evaluation and Research in Education (IJERE), Vol 2, No 2: June 2013 , pp. 78-84

To compare and contrast the quality of higher education in public and private universities of Bangladesh, a study was conducted, to evaluate student satisfaction in these institutions. The study used a modified Noel-Levitz student satisfaction survey, consisting of twenty two questions which measured student satisfaction levels in four different areas: faculty, curriculum, resources, and campus environment. The survey also measured the students’ overall level of satisfaction with the institution. Data collected from different private and public universities showed overall satisfaction level to be higher among private university students than public university students.  The data also indicated that students from private universities are more satisfied than those of public universities. Finally, comparison of data from male and female students showed higher level of satisfaction among female students.DOI:

Mozhgan Alsadat Ghaffarzadeh Hassankiadeh,

International Journal of Evaluation and Research in Education (IJERE), Vol 2, No 2: June 2013 , pp. 60-68

Memorizing and rote learning are the simplest ways to get mark, but they won't help learners to use what they have memorized. In fact, learners will carry out a huge amount of knowledge but they can't apply them. In this study a powerful and important tool is introduced to solve the problem in Iranian classes. And it is utilizing sentences. In this article, a flowchart of sentence plan, which was constructed to aid learners in applying what they have learned, was included. The study highlights the importance of sentences in learning a language and introduces playing as an effective procedure to assist learners in learning how to construct correct sentences.DOI:

Alain Takam,

International Journal of Evaluation and Research in Education (IJERE), Vol 2, No 2: June 2013 , pp. 93-106

Social bilingualism, unlike official bilingualism, is very common. In most countries, the official language/s and tens or hundreds of other languages coexist; many such unofficial languages facing extinction. What is noticeable is that when language planning does not follow the ecological approach, i.e., when it emphasizes the strengthening of a particular language rather than the “structured diversity” of all the languages that make up a particular linguistic ecosystem, that can negatively impact the survival of minority languages. This study, which was carried out from the perspective of ecolinguistics, was aimed at promoting linguistic diversity through the protection of minority languages. It was essentially based on acquisition planning. The protection referred to here could be ensured, among other means, through the progressive acquisition of three or more languages in the education system. In Cameroon, a French – English bilingual country, the minority official language and many local languages are taught in school with varying degrees of success. It was interesting to critically look at some teaching approaches of those languages with the objective of showing how it could be possible, for those whose first language is neither French nor English, to better learn French and/or English, through convergent pedagogy, an educative approach based on the development of bilingualism or multilingualism.DOI:

Syahruddin Lasadike, Andi Ernawati, Mohd. Anuar B. Abdul Rahman, Ahmad Johari B. Sihes,

International Journal of Evaluation and Research in Education (IJERE), Vol 2, No 3: September 2013 , pp. 143-148

This study aims to identify the teachers’ professional competence role in the implementation of School-Based Management (SBM). It was conducted at Junior Secondary Schools in Pare-Pare, South Sulawesi Province, Indonesia. It used the mixed method, include survey and interview methods. Its result showed that the teachers’ professional competence has a significant impact towards the implementation of SBM. Furthermore, one of  the important strategies in improving the quality of SBM is the teachers’ professional development in order to enhance teachers’ performance, commitment, and motivation.DOI :

Jianwei Liao, Xiaoyan Liu,

International Journal of Evaluation and Research in Education (IJERE), Vol 2, No 3: September 2013 , pp. 107-111

The course of design and analysis of computer algorithms is one of the core-course of computer science education; this paper presents an online coding framework to help students to learn the course of design and ananlysis of computer algorithms and other coding-related courses in computer science. With the online coding framework, a student can edit code in any web browser, and then executes it. This online coding framework can connect teachers, curriculum authors, and students in a unique social experience by tracking and streaming progress updates in real time. In particular, with the newly proposed framework, it is not difficult to find interesting and unexpected input values during students’practicing, and then help them to understand what their code is actually doing.DOI:

Taurayi Rupere,

International Journal of Evaluation and Research in Education (IJERE), Vol 2, No 3: September 2013 , pp. 112-122

The field of e-learning has improved tremendously in the past decade with the invention of all kinds of e-leaning systems contributing to the quality of education. The undertaken research seek to improve web assessment systems which are limited to multiple choice type of assessment which is summative assessment that does not have a feedback section to students hence promote limited learning. The proposed system uses ontologies to promote formative assessment with a feedback loop to the students. The structured type of questions are now implemented in web assessment systems instead of using multiple choice type of questions which have limitations in terms of functionality when it comes to marking textual answers due to wide variety of words that can mean the same thing. The designed system was implemented using an ontology based dictionary which generates all possible solution for a particular question and uses aspects of artificial intelligence. The system was applied to two primary schools students doing grade 4 levels. Students wrote a test that was marked by both the system and teacher. Results from the study showed that the system marks as close to the human examiner and is the ideal assessment and marking if implemented well.DOI:

Sunday Paul Adegoke,

International Journal of Evaluation and Research in Education (IJERE), Vol 2, No 3: September 2013 , pp. 123-128

The use of internet has been widely accepted as a way of improving students’ performance in several subjects area. However, there is dearth of studies on the relationship between internet browsing, and students’ achievement in school subjects such as Agricultural Science. This study therefore, sought to investigate the relationship between internet browsing and students’ achievement in Agricultural Science. A sample of 300 students was drawn from 10 schools from the five local government areas of Ogbomoso. Internet Browsing Pattern Questionnaire (IBPQ) and Agricultural Achievement Test (AAT) were used to collect data. Cronbach alpha correlation coefficient of 0.807 (IBPQ) and 0.9531 (AAT) were estimated for the instruments. Four research questions were answered. Descriptive statistics and Pearson moment correlation were used to analyze data. Majority of the students have access to the internet. Most of the students that have access to the internet browse more for non-educative information (socio-networking sites).The relationship between internet browsing and students’ achievement in Agricultural Science through positive is not significant.DOI:

Rabindra Kayastha,

International Journal of Evaluation and Research in Education (IJERE), Vol 2, No 3: September 2013 , pp. 135-142

This paper is aimed at exploring the experiences of executive officers with occupations related stress. The status of occupational stress is evaluated based on the responses from employees in executive in different organizations of Nepal. Data were collected using a questionnaire survey. The results show there is a significant relationship between occuapational stress factors. The results obtained from the regression analysis showed that stress related factors (role conflict, role …) were found to be significantly related to the total stress level, whereas the stress associated with the working stress factors were insignificant. Results would showed that the different stress and the factor total stress factor was the most significant stressor of work-related stress level (p < 0.01), indicating stressors is one of the main causes of stress among EO of Nepal.DOI :    

Mozhgan Alsadat Ghaffarzadeh Hassankiadeh,

International Journal of Evaluation and Research in Education (IJERE), Vol 2, No 3: September 2013 , pp. 129-134

This paper concentrates on dictation as a beneficial tool in both teaching and testing.  The goal is to discuss about the points that were ignored during the years in foreign language classes. In fact this paper aims at investigating helpful techniques in reviving active dictation. Here some discussion is presented theoretically about the strategies that can be used to assist learners to develop the other skills during dictation sessions. An effective tool that can help teachers and learners during language teaching/learning processes to promote learning is dictation, if it is utilized in a proper procedure while considering all four skills in learning a foreign/second language. So the significance of the topic leads the researcher to study it. The aim is to identify the most appropriate strategies in using dictation in the classroom that may assist learners in learning a language communicatively. Therefore the current study came to existence to gain this target and to present some techniques to help in promoting such skills in language classes.DOI:

Haider Kamil Mahdi, Shahabudin Bin Hashim,

International Journal of Evaluation and Research in Education (IJERE), Vol 2, No 4: December 2013 , pp. 153-156

Posttraumatic Growth (PTG) refers to positive changes in human life elicited by exposures to traumatic events, such as war and terror. The fact that Iraqi university students continue their studies not long after a bomb explosion or deaths of significant others related to the War in 2003 indicated that they possess certain degree of resilience. This study conceptualized the causal relationship between the resilience and the level of PTG among Iraqi university students after being exposed to traumatic events in the form of the War in 2003. Thorough discussion on the previous studies have been done, recommendations on the sampling methods, as well as the instruments, were made. Significance of the empirical research related to this conceptualized relationship is discussed at the end of this paper.DOI:

Achille Fossi,

International Journal of Evaluation and Research in Education (IJERE), Vol 2, No 4: December 2013 , pp. 180-187

This article explores and analyzes a new initiative in bilingual education, launched at the beginning of the 2009-2010 school year in certain secondary schools in Cameroon. The Special bilingual education programme (SBEP), which is still in its beginning phase, aims essentially at training students to communicate effectively and with as little anxiety as possible in the country’s two official languages, English and French. Upon examining the various reasons for the programme and the context in which it has been implemented, existing scientific research in second language acquisition points to the conclusion that the success of this most relevant programme would eventually lead to a complete remodelling of the French-English bilingual education system in Cameroon.DOI:

Dwi Sulisworo,

International Journal of Evaluation and Research in Education (IJERE), Vol 2, No 4: December 2013 , pp. 149-152

Higher education is currently in the rapid change process. These changes are driven by many factors, both internal and external. Some trends in higher education in the development of one of them is a wider social context. People feel more comfortable with using the internet as a tool in the day-to-day. Information and communication technologies has important role on improving teaching and learning process. The aim of this research is to determine whether the student IT literacy medium influence the learning achievement of good science. This research is a quantitative research using multivariate statistical analysis techniques. The result is that IT literacy has no effect on learning achievement. This phenomenon is the paradox on learning and ICT issues.DOI:

Lina Handayani, Azlina binti Mohd Kosnin, Yeo Kee Jiar,

International Journal of Evaluation and Research in Education (IJERE), Vol 2, No 4: December 2013 , pp. 157-162

The infant feeding decision is complex and involves the influence of psychological, social, and economic factors, and health care system. For working mothers, there are more obstacles and barrier for practicing breastfeeding successfully. Successful breastfeeding for working mothers is not a simple matter.DOI:

Steven Shaha, Heather Ellsworth,

International Journal of Evaluation and Research in Education (IJERE), Vol 2, No 4: December 2013 , pp. 175-179

This multi-State, quasi-experimental study reflects the quantification of comparative gains in math and reading performance on standardized assessments. We contrasted performance in consecutive years pre-versus-post for students of teachers actively participating in an Internet-based, on-demand professional development (PD) program with their respective districts, thus normalizing for uncontrolled educational and socioeconomic variables. A random sample of 169 schools was analyzed representing teachers with a minimum high-participation level in PD.  Results showed that students of participating teachers experienced 18.9% increases (p<.001) in math scores versus 4.2% (p<.01) for their districts, and 15.3% increases (p<.001) in reading versus 2.5% (p<.01) for their districts, equating to statistically significant 4.2 fold (p>.001) and 6.1 (p>.001) fold advantages, respectively. Findings support the high-participation use of Internet-based, on-demand professional learning for improving teacher effectiveness to impact student performance. DOI:

Sun Hee Kim, Soojin Kim,

International Journal of Evaluation and Research in Education (IJERE), Vol 2, No 4: December 2013 , pp. 163-174

Many measures have been developed for the affective domain in mathematics, such as the Fennema-Sherman Mathematics Attitudes Scales (1976), Program for International Student Assessment (PISA 2003), and Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS 2007). However, it is difficult to find an inventory of affective attributes in mathematics that includes all affective factors based on recent theories. And affective attributes cannot be strictly differentiated, so one item can measure several factors. Thus, cognitive diagnosis theory was applied to this study, in which each item of assessment test can be allocated several attributes. The purpose of this study is to develop a Mathematical Affects Inventory (MAI) that measures student’s specific affective attributes and to verify MAI using Cognitive Diagnosis Theory. Research results will report some statistical information with affective profile of Korean students i.e. the mathematical affects of individual studentsDOI:

Zakir Husain, Deepak Kumar,

International Journal of Evaluation and Research in Education (IJERE), Vol 3, No 1: March 2014 , pp. 11-18

The new challenges for engineering education go more than the need to keep students abreast of cutting edge technology and calls for a better equilibrium in the various areas of engineering. There is considerable concern that upholding of the old standard by engineering institutions will all but degrade the quality of engineers as well as difficulty in adapting to the growing difficulties of the worldwide marketplace globally. This requires the new development model for the holistic growth of engineering education. However, adaptation of new development model will not be easy since lots of our research universities are faced with monetary pressures. Indian government has made significant contribution toward this growth phase for the development of nation. This paper addresses for an assessment study of the methods developed by reputed engineering institutions in India to lay the foundation for future engineering education. The looking forward segment provides suggestions and plans for engineering education in India.DOI:

Siti Khatizah Aziz, Mohd Anuar Abdul Rahman,

International Journal of Evaluation and Research in Education (IJERE), Vol 3, No 1: March 2014 , pp. 45-52

The role of tacit knowledge in fostering organization innovation has increasingly gained interest many researchers. However, previous research dominating in the business sector. This study addresses these limitations by conceptualization in the academic setting. This study used the partial least squares (PLS) structural equation modeling (SEM) tool to test the relationship between the role of tacit knowledge among Malaysia secondary school principals and school innovation. Three types of skills used to measure tacit knowledge; cognitive skills, technical skills and social skills. As to measure school innovation, there are six latent variables; leadership, curriculum, co-curricular, student affairs, financial and structure and culture. Data from a questionnaire survey of 370 respondents from Sekolah Kebangsaan, Sekolah Jenis Kebangsaan (Cina) and Sekolah Jenis Kebangsaan (Tamil) were used to analyze the model. Partial Least Squares (PLS-SEM) was used to analyze the relationships between all the variables and found that social skill was the most significant predictor of tacit knowledge while co-curricular was the most significant predictor to school innovation and the use of tacit knowledge has a significantly smaller impact on school innovation.DOI:

Debra Gratz, Karen H Larwin,

International Journal of Evaluation and Research in Education (IJERE), Vol 3, No 1: March 2014 , pp. 27-36

Early intervention prior to kindergarten is an effective strategy in closing the gaps in pre-readiness skills and appropriate behavior which may occur because of disparity in socioeconomic status, parenting styles, and preschool experience.  This current investigation was designed to determine if the pre-kindergarten intervention had an impact on the student success in kindergarten.  At the end of the academic year, results reveal that the achievement gap for students who were academically delayed was diminished; no significant differences exist between academically delayed students relative to students not identified as academically delayed.  Results reveal that the impact of socioeconomic status was also diminished for participants in the summer pre-kindergarten program.DOI: 

Ahmad Ahmad, Lokman Mohd. Tahir,

International Journal of Evaluation and Research in Education (IJERE), Vol 3, No 1: March 2014 , pp. 66-78

School Operational Funding is a grant from Central Government with a popular name, BOS. Government of South Sulawesi Province collaborates with Government of Makassar District to exploit free education, and Education Support Operational Funding (BOPP) is from government of Makassar District into schools in order to support the success of teaching and learning process. This study aims to analyze the usage of operational School Funding in State Junior High School in Makassar South Sulawesi, Indonesia. This qualitative study used a case study approach with involved semi structured interview, document analysis, and open ended questionnaire. In semi structured interview, it was involved 15 respondents from school management members (5 school headmasters, 5 teachers, and 5 school committee members), and also involved 4 respondents from non-school management members (2 staffs of Education Office of Makassar District and 2 staffs of Education Office of South Sulawesi Province). Therefore, it involved 253 respondents to complete questionnaire (32 headmasters, 172 teachers and 49 school committee members). Data were analyzed by using Nvivo program. The study found that the usage of BOS funding in Junior High School (SMP) in Makassar isn’t maximized in teaching and learning process as its main goal. The funding is still used to finance the implementation of School Based Management Programs. Furthermore, the usage of free education program funding and BOPP isn’t clear. Constructing Planning of School Work and Finance (RKAS) and managing the school operational funding do not involve teachers and school committee members so that its usage is not effective.DOI:

Hiroshi Ito,

International Journal of Evaluation and Research in Education (IJERE), Vol 3, No 1: March 2014 , pp. 1-10

Assessment of learning outcomes of college students has been at issue around the world in recent years. Given that grade point average (GPA) may not be a reliable indicator for learning, some organizations have developed new types of assessment tools that measure generic skills, such as the Assessment of Higher Education Learning Outcome (AHELO) and the Collegiate Learning Assessment (CLA). In Japan, an assessment tool called the Progress Report on Generic Skills (PROG) has been introduced to measure college students’ generic skills. However, the validity of this test has hardly ever been studied. This paper thus provides an opportunity to analyze the validity of PROG through statistical analyses of the correlation between PROG scores and GPA as well as interviews with students and instructors. The findings show a gap between PROG scores and GPA. Three possible reasons are put forth as explanations for such a gap: 1) PROG does not test generic skills properly; 2) the university does not nurture and/or assess students’ generic skills that PROG measures; and 3) students make different levels of efforts for PROG and college course work. The findings of this research suggest using the results of PROG only as a reference tool that needs to be triangulated with other assessment tools.DOI:

Matthias W. Pleil, G.H. Massiha,

International Journal of Evaluation and Research in Education (IJERE), Vol 3, No 1: March 2014 , pp. 37-44

Over the last twenty years, the National Science Foundation (NSF) through its Advanced Technological Education (ATE) program has funded many ATE centers across the United State of America to advance the technician level work force in the Country. One of these centers is the Southwest Center for Microsystems Education (SCME) located at the University of New Mexico. The SCME offers educational materials and professional development at no cost.  These materials and professional development opportunities include sponsored conferences, downloadable written materials for instructors and students, YouTube channels providing lectures, animations and videos, hands-on kits for the classroom, micro and nano films, webinars, online distance learning courses and mentoring opportunities for educators.DOI:

Modupe Osokoya,

International Journal of Evaluation and Research in Education (IJERE), Vol 3, No 1: March 2014 , pp. 19-26

The study evaluated the Pre-NCE programme within 2000-2004. Tyler’s goal-oriented approach with Scriven’s goal-free model was adopted. A total of 996 respondents from different cohorts of stakeholders participated in the study; six validated research instruments were used. The data gathered was analysed using descriptive statistics, t-test and multiple regressions. 59% of the students admitted to study Science, Language and Technical Education in Colleges of Education were products of the Pre-NCE programme, also 80% of them could transit beyond the 1st year of the NCE programme. The programme was rated as an effective intervention strategy for the production of pre-service teachers.DOI:

Voltaire Q. Oyzon, John Mark Fullmer,

International Journal of Evaluation and Research in Education (IJERE), Vol 3, No 1: March 2014 , pp. 53-65

With the implementation of Mother-Tongue Based Multilingual Education (MTBMLE) under the Enhanced Basic Education Act of 2013, this study set out to examine Region 8’s readiness and extant educational materials.  On the one hand, “L1 to L2 Bridge Instruction” has been shown by Hovens (2002) to engender the most substantive language acquisition, while the “Pure L2 immersion” approach displays the lowest results. Despite this, Region 8 (like other non-Tagalog speaking Regions) lacks primary texts in the mother tongue, vocabulary lists, grammar lessons and, more fundamentally, the references needed for educators to create these materials. To fill this void, the researchers created a 377,930-word language corpus generated from 419 distinct Waray texts, which led to frequency word lists, a five-language classified dictionary, a 1,000-word reference dictionary with pioneering part-of-speech tagging, and software for determining the grade level of Waray texts. These outputs are intended to be “best practices” models for other Regions. Accordingly, the researchers also created open-source, customizable software for compiling and grade-leveling texts, analyzing the grammatical nuances of each local language, and producing vocabulary lists and other materials for the Grade 1-3 classroom.DOI:

Agokei Roland-Alexander Chukwudi,

International Journal of Evaluation and Research in Education (IJERE), Vol 3, No 2: June 2014 , pp. 85-90

 Evidence from teacher-effectiveness studies indicates that teacher effectiveness has yielded a wealth of understanding about the impact that teacher ability has on student growth. However, much is yet to be known on some psychological factors that could influence teaching effectiveness particularly among pre-service teachers. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the effect of emotional intelligence, and teacher efficacy, on the teacher effectiveness of pre-service teachers. Two validated instruments (Emotional intelligence scale; teacher efficacy scale) were administered on 300 students randomly selected from two Universities in the South-West region of Nigeria. Data were analysed using Pearson Product Moment Correlation and Multiple regression. The findings of this study demonstrated that emotional intelligence and teacher efficacy had predictive influence on teacher effectiveness. Based on these findings, it is suggested that appropriate strategies and policies for fostering teacher efficacy and emotional intelligence would go a long way in enhancing effective teaching among pre-service teachers.DOI:

Olowe Peter Kayode, KUTELU Bukola Olaronke,

International Journal of Evaluation and Research in Education (IJERE), Vol 3, No 2: June 2014 , pp. 119-124

Children of the present age are born into the world that is highly driven by Information and Communication Technology (ICT). They begin to manipulate ICT materials as soon as they grow old enough to manipulate things. There is need therefore to provide ICT-learning experiences that can aid their holistic development. To do this, early childhood professionals must be positive about the roles of ICT in children’s development. This study therefore investigated the perception of Early Childhood Education (ECE) lecturers and students on the importance of ICT in preparing ECE teachers for the new generation children. The study adopted the descriptive survey research design. 10 lecturers and 300 students of ECE were purposively selected as sample. One validated questionnaire titled “Questionnaire on Information and Communication Technology” (0.83) was used. Data collected was analysed using percentage, mean and standard deviation. Findings revealed that, using ICT in preparation of ECE teachers can help them to facilitate children’s cognitive, physical and social-emotional development, and as well sustain children’s interest in learning.Recommendations include training of all Nigerian ECE lecturers in the use of ICT for teaching and learning and equipment of departments of ECE in Nigerian Colleges of Education and Universities with adequate and relevant ICT materials.DOI:

Amardeep Kaur, Kulwinder Singh,

International Journal of Evaluation and Research in Education (IJERE), Vol 3, No 2: June 2014 , pp. 125-132

The Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) which include eight goals have been framed to address the world's major development challenges by 2015. In India, considerable progress has been reported to be made in the field of basic universal education, gender equality in education, economic growth and other human development related aspects. Even though the government has implemented a wide array of programmes, policies, and various schemes to combat these challenges, further intensification of efforts and redesigning of outreach strategies are needed to give momentum to the progress toward achievement of the MDG-2 (Achieve Universal Primary Education) and MDG-3 (Promote Gender Equality).To universalize elementary education, Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA) is one of the major schemes introduced by the government in 2002. Education Guarantee Scheme (EGS) and Alternative and Innovative Education are the components of SSA. Universal enrolment is one of the specific objectives of SSA. The strategy of implementation of Mid-Day Meal Scheme has also played a role in enhancing the enrolment and retention of the students. To focus on girls’ education, several schemes have been incorporated within SSA. National Programmes for Education of Girls at Elementary Level (NPEGEL) and Kasturba Gandhi Balika Vidyalaya Scheme (KGBVS) focus on primary education for girls. In order to achieve this, there is need to ensure sufficient number of schools along with adequately trained teachers for quality instruction and effective functioning of primary education programmes. This is more true in the context of RTE- 2009. Achieving universal schooling requires cent percent enrolment and it also means ensuring that all children continue to attend classes till completion of eight years of schooling (6-14 years) in the near future. Education benefits not only at the individual level but also for the development of country as a whole.  Further gender inequality in education has a direct impact on economic growth through lower levels of quality of human capital. In the light of these emergent issues in school education there is need to develop a sense of higher levels of commitment and sincerity among the prospective teachers. The teacher education programmes need to be reoriented to look into the issues related to enrolment and retention of children along with ensuring quality inputs in teaching -learning process. Hence an effort has been made to address to these issues in school education for the effective designing of on-going teacher education programmes to enable the prospective teachers as well as those in schools for effective implementation of different interventionistic programmes.DOI:

Iqbal Ahmad, Kahil ur Rehman, Asghar Ali, Itbar Khan, Fazal Akber Khan,

International Journal of Evaluation and Research in Education (IJERE), Vol 3, No 2: June 2014 , pp. 79-84

Education lays the foundation for political, social and economic development of any country. A viable education system enables the nation to achieve its national goals. Pakistan as a developing country has faced critical problems of education since its inception and therefore, the system of education has failed to deliver according to the aspirations of the nation. There are various factors responsible for this situation. This paper explores some of the critical problems that have so far plagued the education system of Pakistan. On the basis of critical review of available literature, the paper presents solutions to the existing problems of the education system of Pakistan.DOI:

Sulis Janu Hartati,

International Journal of Evaluation and Research in Education (IJERE), Vol 3, No 2: June 2014 , pp. 109-118

This research questions are ‘how do the characteristics of learning model of logic & algorithm according to APOS theory’ and ‘whether or not these learning model can improve students learning outcomes‘.This research was conducted by exploration, and quantitative approach. Exploration used in constructing theory about the characteristic of the learning model of logic and algorithms based on APOS theory. The hypothesis tested was did the mean value of class by using learning model based on APOS theory greater than other class. The results showed that characteristics of learning model used APOS theory had achievement map of competency be classified into four levels. They are action; process; object; and scheme. Action is ability to understand concept by using external stimulus. Process is ability to think about the same action based on specific input and output. Object is ability to think about transformation on action and process, so that they can associate between action and process, process and process itself based on a specific output. Scheme is ability to construct relationship of action, process, object, and other concept to solve the problem in making business document. It is proven that mean value is greater than the other. Especially in lesson plan of action and process.DOI:

Quamrul H Mazumder,

International Journal of Evaluation and Research in Education (IJERE), Vol 3, No 2: June 2014 , pp. 99-108

To meet the growing need for increased capacity in higher education, the government of Bangladesh encouraged development of private universities in 1992.  Currently, there are sixty private universities1, thirty-four public universities2 and  three international universities in Bangladesh3.  Although the increased number of universities has provided opportunities, a debate has emerged over the quality at these institutions due to significant difference among these institutions.  These inconsistencies in quality may be due to the lack of regulatory oversight and inefficiencies of the regulatory agencies of the government.  The cost of education at private universities is high compared to significantly lower cost at public universities that are subsidized by the government.  In spite of the higher cost, student satisfaction levels have not been higher at private universities in the past4.  The work presented in this paper seeks to determine the quality of education in public and private universities in Bangladesh using student satisfaction as a measure of quality.  It is well understood that student satisfaction measure may not be the only indicator of quality, but it can be considered as one of the important indicators.   The survey questions were modified to adapt them to the context of Bangladesh.   The twenty-two question survey results from private and public university students of Bangladesh were compared to determine the level of student satisfaction.  The results of the current study were compared with the SSI data of US private and public universities.  Results of the current study  showed that the students in public universities of Bangladesh had lowest level of satisfaction and the private universities of Bangladesh had highest satisfaction The results derived from this data can be used by both public and private universities for improving quality in higher education.DOI:

M.J. Dewiyani Sunarto, Tri Sagirani,

International Journal of Evaluation and Research in Education (IJERE), Vol 3, No 2: June 2014 , pp. 91-98

"The rise of Indonesia Golden Generation" is the theme of National Education Day in 2012, In an effort to create a golden generation, education must be interpreted as a complex problem, in particular the cultivation of character education that was originally using indoctrination method. Given the shifting of the changing times,indoctrination methods are imprecise because young people today would not accept the doctrine of no logic that can be digested. Regarding the condition, this research has to find a method that more focus on thinking process which can be accepted by learners. The method used is the inculcation method. The inculcation method will be approached through different personality types that are classified based on the type of personality by David Keirsey. Using exploratory qualitative approach for curricular activities and natural activitiesforextra-curricular activities, the research obtained the character education inculcation method that more personal, so this will be move striking for self learner, as it is based on the profile of each individual's cognitive (thinking) process on the personality type. The development of this research is the creation of a character education learning model with inculcation method based on classification of personality type.DOI:

Hendrik Wenno,

International Journal of Evaluation and Research in Education (IJERE), Vol 3, No 3: September 2014 , pp. 169-174

Teacher as one important factors of the succes of the learning process, has an important role in learning. Teacher have to adapt the instructional design or model learning methods with the material to be taught. The purpose of the study was to determine the levl of student mastery on the concept of measurements throught direct instructioal model. Descriptive research with action in the class were used in this research to determinet the level of studet mastery on the measurement concept of the physical sciences in oreder to achieve competency. The samples were tweenty five of seventh grade of  student on the second semester of academic year 2012/2013 of 11th Ambon State Junior High School. The instrument used is the test items to measure mastery of concepts, namely (1) those items of performance tests to  measure proficiency in the use of measring tools made for teaching and learning activities takes place. (2) Those items daily tests to measure the level of mastery of the concepts of measurements. Total about thenty items with the form of objectie tests (multiple choice) with a score of 1 for a correct answer and 0 for a wrong answer). Data results of performance test to easure proficiency in the use of measuring tools were analyzed by calculating a qualitative descriptive () average, (b) standart deviation, (c) the range of the data, (d) number of classes, (e) the length of the class, (f) frequency distribution, (g) the median, (h) mode, whereas mastery of the concept data obtained through the daily tests, analyzed by quantitative descriptive. Performance tests scores and daily tests are converted into the category of excellent, goog, sufficient, and failed. The results showed that the level of student mastery of the material by measuring very good and well with the percentage of the final results of formative student tests, respectively 48.0 percent, and 44.0 percent. It can be concluded that the direct instructional model succesfully improve student learning outcomes, especially to the concept of measurement.DOI:



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